Oracle - Insert

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Snap type:

Write


Description:

This Snap executes a SQL Insert statement with given values. Document keys will be used as the columns to insert into, and their values will be the values inserted into the column. Any missing column will have a null value inserted into the column.


Prerequisites:

None


Known Issue, Support, and limitations:


Known Issue:
Oracle Insert Snap inserts incorrect time zone data for timestamp with time zone data type. For example, when an input value is 2021-08-10 17:30:43-07:00, the value written to the target table is 2021-08-10 17:30:43+07:00.


Workaround:
Use an expression Date.parse(2021-08-10 17:30:43-07:00) in Mapper Snap. The Mapper Snap converts it to a UTC timestamp string, i.e. 2021-08-11 00:30:43 00:00. The Snap will now insert the value successfully.


Works in Ultra Task Pipelines if batching is disabled.

Account: 

This Snap uses account references created on the Accounts page of SnapLogic Manager to handle access to this endpoint.  See Oracle Account for information on setting up this type of account.


Views:
InputThis Snap has at most two document input views. The second view can be added for metadata for the table as a document so that the table is created in Oracle with a similar schema as the source table. If the table already exists, then the metadata is not used.
OutputThis Snap has exactly one document output view. If an output view is available, then the original document that was used to create the statement will be output with the status of the insert executed.
Error

This Snap has at most one document error view and produces zero or more documents in the view.

Database Write Snaps output all records of a batch (as configured in your account settings) to the error view if the write fails during batch processing.

Settings

Label*


Specify the name for the Snap. You can modify this to be more specific, especially if you have more than one of the same Snap in your pipeline.

Schema name



The database schema name. In case it is not defined, then the suggestion for the Table Name will retrieve all tables names of all schemas. The property is suggestible and will retrieve available database schemas during suggest values.

The values can be passed using the pipeline parameters but not the upstream parameter.


Default value:  None
ExampleSYS

Table name

Specify the table that the rows will be inserted into.

The values can be passed using the pipeline parameters but not the upstream parameter.


Default value:  None
Examplepeople

Create table if not present


Select this checkbox to automatically create the target table if it does not exist.

  • If a second input view is configured for the Snap and it contains a document with schema (metadata) of the source table, the Snap creates the new (target) table using the same schema (metadata). However, if the schema comes from a different database, the Snap might fail with Unable to create table: "<table_name>" error due to data type incompatibility.
  • In the absence of a second input view (the schema/metadata document), the Snap creates a table based on the data types of the columns generated from the first row of the input document (first input view).

Due to implementation details, a newly created table is not visible to subsequent database Snaps during runtime validation. If you wish to immediately use the newly updated data you must use a child Pipeline that is invoked through a Pipeline Execute Snap.



Default value:  Not selected

Preserve case sensitivity
Select this check box to specify whether the letter case used in column labels must be preserved while performing the insert operation. Selecting this option ensures that the precise cases used are retained.

Default value
: Not Selected

Session parameters

This property lets you use the National Language Support (NLS) parameters. See the Oracle doc for detailed information about Setting NLS Parameters.

The NLS parameters enable overriding the default value (e.g., a comma) that is set for the session in the initialization parameter file or set by the client with environment variables (e.g., a decimal point).

You can add multiple parameters by using the plus (+) sign next to Session parameters.

Session parameter name

Name of the NLS parameter.

Example: NLS_TERRITORY

Default value: None.

Session parameter value

Value of the NLS parameter.

Example: "CZECH REPUBLIC"

Default value: None.

Number of retries

Specify the maximum number of attempts to be made to receive a response. The request is terminated if the attempts do not result in a response.

Default value: 0
Example: 3

Retry interval (seconds)

Specify the time interval between two successive retry requests. A retry happens only when the previous attempt resulted in an exception. 

Default value: 1
Example:  10

Snap Execution

Select one of the three modes in which the Snap executes. Available options are:

  • Validate & Execute: Performs limited execution of the Snap, and generates a data preview during Pipeline validation. Subsequently, performs full execution of the Snap (unlimited records) during Pipeline runtime.
  • Execute only: Performs full execution of the Snap during Pipeline execution without generating preview data.
  • Disabled: Disables the Snap and all Snaps that are downstream from it.



In a scenario where the Auto commit on the account is set to true, and the downstream Snap does depends on the data processed on an Upstream Database Bulk Load Snap, use the Script Snap to add delay for the data to be available.

For example, when performing a create, insert and a delete function sequentially on a pipeline, using a Script Snap helps in creating a delay between the insert and delete function or otherwise it may turn out that the delete function is triggered even before inserting the records on the table.

Oracle reports failures for the entire batch even if some rows successfully inserted/updated. Because the Snap must report what is reported by the database, the Snap sends all records to the error view and no record to the output view. If you want to see accurate results for each row you must set the batch size to 1 and execute the pipeline. 

 Table Creation

If the table does not exist when the Snap tries to do the insert, and the Create table if not present property is selected, the table will be created with the columns and data types required to hold the values in the first input document. If you would like the table to be created with the same schema as a source table, you can connect the second output view of a Select Snap to the second input view of this Snap. The extra view in the Select and Bulk Load Snaps are used to pass metadata about the table, effectively allowing you to replicate a table from one database to another.
 

The table metadata document that is read in by the second input view contains a dump of the JDBC DatabaseMetaData class. The document can be manipulated to affect the CREATE TABLE statement that is generated by this Snap. For example, to rename the name column to full_name, you can use a Mapper Snap that sets the path $.columns.name.COLUMN_NAME to full_name.  The document contains the following fields:

  • columns - Contains the result of the getColumns() method with each column as a separate field in the object. Changing the COLUMN_NAME value will change the name of the column in the created table. Note that if you change a column name, you do not need to change the name of the field in the row input documents. The Snap will automatically translate from the original name to the new name. For example, when changing from name to full_name, the name field in the input document will be put into the "full_name" column. You can also drop a column by setting the COLUMN_NAME value to null or the empty string.  The other fields of interest in the column definition are:

    • TYPE_NAME - The type to use for the column.  If this type is not known to the database, the DATA_TYPE field will be used as a fallback.  If you want to explicitly set a type for a column, set the DATA_TYPE field.

    • _SL_PRECISION - Contains the result of the getPrecision() method.  This field is used along with the _SL_SCALE field for setting the precision and scale of a DECIMAL or NUMERIC field.

    • _SL_SCALE - Contains the result of the getScale() method.  This field is used along with the _SL_PRECISION field for setting the precision and scale of a DECIMAL or NUMERIC field.

  • primaryKeyColumns - Contains the result of the getPrimaryKeys() method with each column as a separate field in the object.

  • declaration - Contains the result of the getTables() method for this table. The values in this object are just informational at the moment.  The target table name is taken from the Snap property.

  • importedKeys - Contains the foreign key information from the getImportedKeys() method. The generatedCREATE TABLE statement will include FOREIGN KEY constraints based on the contents of this object. Note that you will need to change the PKTABLE_NAME value if you changed the name of the referenced table when replicating it.

  • indexInfo - Contains the result of the getIndexInfo() method for this table with each index as a separated field in the object.  Any UNIQUE indexes in here will be included in the CREATE TABLE statement generated by this Snap.

Examples


We will provide two examples, the first one inserts input data into a table. The second one will show the error handling.

In this example we will insert a row of data into table TEST_EMPLOYEE. which is defined as below:

CREATE TABLE "TECTONIC"."TEST_EMPLOYEE" 
(    
    "Title" VARCHAR2(4000 BYTE), 
    "Employee_Name" VARCHAR2(4000 BYTE), 
    "Employee_ID" VARCHAR2(4000 BYTE)
);

First we pass the data we want to insert with a JSON Generator Snap:

Then we simply connect the Oracle Insert Snap to it and set up the table name TEST_EMPLOYEE:

Here is an example output of the pipeline:

 2. Error handling on the Snap

In this example, we will show you the error handling.

We are using the same pipeline as the one used in Example #1. We try to insert a row with a non-existing column name "Titlee":



Here is the error message that is routed to Oracle Insert Snap's error view:


Snap Pack History

 Click to view/expand
Release Snap Pack VersionDateType  Updates
4.27main12833 Stable
  • Enhanced the Oracle - Execute Snap to invoke stored procedures.
  • Enhanced the Oracle Bulk Load Snap with Additional SQL Loader Parameters field set to define additional SQL Loader parameters if required.
4.26main11181 StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.25425patches11008 Latest
  • Improved the support for the CLOB data type in the Oracle - Insert Snap. 
  • Improved the error messages for all the Snaps in the Oracle Snap Pack where the Snaps fail with Null Pointer Exception when the account reference provided is invalid. 
4.25main9554
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.24main8556
Stable
  • Enhances the Oracle - Select Snap to return only the selected output fields or columns in the output schema (second output view) using the Fetch Output Fields In Schema check box. If the Output Fields field is empty all the columns are visible. 
  • Enhances the Oracle - Stored Procedure Snap to ignore the parameters evaluated as null by using the Ignore Null Parameters check box. This applies to parameters with defined default values.
4.23main7430
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.22main6403
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.21 Patch421patches6272 Latest

Fixes the issue where Snowflake SCD2 Snap generates two output documents despite no changes to Cause-historization fields with DATE, TIME and TIMESTAMP Snowflake data types, and with Ignore unchanged rows field selected.

4.21 Patch421patches6144 Latest

Fixes the following issues with DB Snaps:

  • The connection thread waits indefinitely causing the subsequent connection requests to become unresponsive.
  • Connection leaks occur during Pipeline execution.
4.21 PatchMULTIPLE8841 LatestFixes the connection issue in Database Snaps by detecting and closing open connections after the Snap execution ends.
4.21snapsmrc542

 

Stable

Updated the Oracle Thin Account and Oracle Thin Dynamic Account, enabling them to connect via Oracle Active Data Guard (ADG).

4.20 Patch 

db/oracle8812Latest

Enhances the Oracle Snap Pack to support connections to the Oracle ADG (Active Data Guard) URL.

4.20 Patch 

db/oracle8803  Latest

Support for Oracle Database 19c.

4.20snapsmrc535
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.19 Patch db/oracle8408 Latest

Fixes an issue with the Oracle - Update Snap wherein the Snap is unable to perform operations when:

  • An expression is used in the Update condition property.
  • Input data contain the character '?'.
4.19snaprsmrc528
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.18 Patchoracle7786 Latest

Fixes an issue using the NVARCHAR2 datatype in Oracle databases when the character set is not AL32UTF8. However, a known issue is that special characters display as (question).

4.18snapsmrc523
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.17 Patch db/oracle7459 Latest

Fixed an issue with the Oracle Stored Procedure Snap wherein the Pipeline execution fails with an error when the input data type is CLOB.

4.17ALL7402
 
Latest

Pushed automatic rebuild of the latest version of each Snap Pack to SnapLogic UAT and Elastic servers.

4.17snapsmrc515
 
Latest
  • Fixed an issue with the Oracle Execute Snap wherein the Snap would send the input document to the output view even if the Pass through field is not selected in the Snap configuration. With this fix, the Snap sends the input document to the output view, under the key original, only if you select the Pass through field.
  • Added the Snap Execution field to all Standard-mode Snaps. In some Snaps, this field replaces the existing Execute during preview check box.

4.16 Patch 

db/oracle6919 Latest

Added a new property, Session parameters, in the Oracle Insert Snap to enable the use of National Language Support (NLS) parameters.

4.16 Patch 

db/oracle6824 Latest

Fixed an issue with the Lookup Snap passing data simultaneously to output and error views when some values contained spaces at the end.

4.16snapsmrc508
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.15 Patch db/oracle6534 Latest

Improved performance in Pipelines that contain child Pipelines.

4.15 Patch db/oracle6417 Latest

Fixed an issue with data types conversion. All fields with byte, short, int, or long data types will be converted to BigInteger after fetching.

4.15 Patch db/oracle6284 Latest

Replaced the existing Max idle time and Idle connection test period properties with Max life time and Idle Timeout properties respectively, in the Account configuration. The new properties fix the connection release issues that were occurring due to default/restricted DB Account settings.

4.15snapsmrc500
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.14snapsmrc490
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.

4.13 Patch 

db/oracle5192 Latest
  • Fixed the Oracle Bulk Load Snap that stores special characters incorrectly in the target table.
  • Fixed the Oracle Bulk Load Snap that throws a NullPointerException error when the input letter case does not match with that of the Oracle table.
4.13

snapsmrc486

 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.12 Patchoracle4862 Latest

Fixed an issue in the Oracle Bulk Load Snap that fails to execute the SQLLDR (SQL Loader) command, while also enhancing the support for the TCPS protocol.

4.12 Patch db/oracle4721 Latest

Added a property, "SSL/TCPS" for Oracle Account.

4.12 PatchMULTIPLE4744 Latest

Enabled expression for Delete Condition in Oracle Delete Snap. 

4.12

snapsmrc480

 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.

4.11 Patch 

db/oracle4369 Latest

Enhanced the Oracle Bulk Load Snap to accept date-type values in the format "yyyy-mm-dd".

4.11snapsmrc465
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.
4.10 Patchoracle3633 Latest

Fixed BULK LOAD so it adds the thread name to the name of the temporary directory. This allows multiple BULK LOAD Snaps within a single pipeline.

4.10

snapsmrc414

 
Stable

Added Auto commit property to the Select and Execute Snaps at the Snap level to support overriding of the Auto commit property at the Account level.

4.9.0 Patch

oracle3188 Latest

Fixed the issue that "NaN" check was done to unexpected data types like varchar.

4.9.0 Patch

oracle3096 Latest

Fixed a class casting issue for custom data types(BLOB, CLOB, NCLOB, etc) when custom Oracle JDBC driver is used.

4.9.0 Patch

oracle3071 Latest

Fixed an issue regarding connection not closed after login failure; Expose autocommit for "Select into" statement in PostgreSQL Execute Snap and Redshift Execute Snap.

4.9snapsmrc405
 
StableUpgraded with the latest SnapLogic Platform release.

4.8.0 Patch

oracle2905

 


Latest

Fix for SQL*Loader interpreting white-space only data as null values.

4.8.0 Patch

oracle2756 Latest

Potential fix for JDBC deadlock issue.

4.8.0 Patch

oracle2711 Latest

Fixed Oracle Snap Pack rendering dates that are one hour off from the date returned by database query for non-UTC Snaplexes.

4.8

snapsmrc398

 
Stable

Database accounts now invalidate connection pools if account properties are modified and login attempts fail.

4.7.0 Patch

oracle2190 Latest

Fixed an issue for database Select Snaps regarding Limit rows not supporting an empty string from a pipeline parameter.

4.7

snapsmrc382

 
Stable
  • pdated the Oracle - Stored Procedure Snap with the Pass through field. 
  • Resolved an issue in Oracle - Stored Procedure Snap that caused invalid column type failures.
  • Oracle - Bulk Load updated to handle dates the same way as Oracle - Insert. Acceptable format for timestamp strings:
    • Prior to 4.7, the only acceptable timestamp format was  "yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.SSS", such as 2016-11-07 10:55:12

    • It now also supports:

      • ISO8601 formats (plus fractional seconds) without timezone.

             "yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss.SSS", (ex: 2016-11-07T10:55:12)
             "yyyymmddThhmmss.SSS", (ex: 20161107T105512)

      • ISO8601 formats with time zone. ONLY 'zulu' and 'UTC' at this time. Note that there is no space before the 'Z' but is a space before the 'UTC'.

             "yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss.SSSZ"
             "yyyymmddThhmmss.SSSZ"

             "yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss.SSS UTC"
             "yyyymmddThhmmss.SSS UTC"

             ex: 2016-11-07T10:55:12Z
             ex: 20161107T105512Z

             ex: 2016-11-07T10:55:12 UTC
             ex: 20161107T105512 UTC

        The ISO8601 format is used by many web services, Oracle Bulk Loader, and others.

4.6snapsmrc362
 
Stable
  • Resolved an issue in Oracle Select Snap that caused failures in the second output view when retrieving outputs from a table with a dot (.) character.
  • Enhanced the Oracle Select Snap to fully support SQL statements with/without expressions & SQL bind variables.
  • Extended support for Oracle Thin Dynamic accounts.
4.5.1

oracle1583

 
Stable
  • Updated the Bulk Load Snap with a new field, Use direct path load, to enhance bulk loading performance.
  • Resolved an issue with Oracle Select Snap failing if the table name included a dot (.) character.
4.4.1NA Stable
  • Oracle Select: Resolved an issue with database access error occurring while iterating over table name result set when using an uploaded driver with a different version than the bundled driver.
  • Resolved an issue with Oracle Stored Procedure Snap not accepting CLOB data.
  • Made improvements to JDBC auto-commit consistency.
4.4NA Stable
  • Table List Snap: A new option, Compute table graph, now lets you determine whether or not to generate dependents data into the output.
  • Oracle Bulk Load
    • Resolved an issue with a pipeline never completing.
    • Resolved an issue with pipeline statistics, bulk load summary statistics not matching and bulk load summary was confusing.
    • Maximum error count field added to set the maximum number of rows which can fail before the bulk load operation is stopped.
    • Mixed-case matching option removed.
    • Added error messaging to handle BLOB type data trying to be loaded to an Oracle table when not supported.
    • Resolved an issue with the record separator of the input file not being processed correctly.
    • Improved error messages for when data types do not match.
  • Oracle Stored Procedure: All accessible objects are now visible during design.
4.3.2NA Stable
  • Resolved an issue with Oracle Select not reading table names: Database access error occurred while iterating over table name result set.
  • Resolved an issue with Oracle Bulk load failure: String index out of range: -1.
NANA Stable
  • Oracle Lookup failed in preview if DATE column was used for Lookup conditions
  • Dynamic DB queries now supported in the Execute Snap.
  • The SQL statement property now can be set as an expression property. When it is an expression, it will be evaluated with each input document and one SQL statement per each input document will be executed.
  • Known issue: When the SQL statement property is an expression, the pipeline parameters are shown in the suggest, but not the input schema.
  • With the SQL statement property set as an expression, the Snap can be exposed to SQL injection. Please use this feature with caution.
  • Oracle Insert: When a string value is entered into a date col, its successfully inserting into db with null
  • Oracle Stored Procedure: parameter type list was not populating even if a procedure had custom types defined.
NANA Stable
  • Oracle Execute error - no more documents will be written to SLFS
  • Oracle Execute Snap failing with maximum number of documents reached
  • Oracle Select Snap - Early dates are corrupted when reading data
  • Oracle select- with date data type does not return Time(hh:mm:ss)
  • Oracle Stored Procedure fails with error- Reason: invalid name pattern: TECTONIC.null
  • Oracle Stored Procedure - fails with - "invalid name pattern: TECTONIC.strarray32 " when type name given in lower case
NANA Stable
  • The version number of the default Oracle JDBC driver (shared/ojdbc-6.1.jar) is now 11.2.0.4.
  • Fixed the following defects:
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: suggest method for parameter index throws -Suggestion value cannot be empty for property: customTypeParameterIndex
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: Parameter index suggest throws "invalid path" when no schema nor procedure is selected

    • Oracle Stored Procedure: If there is no type defined in Schema, suggest throwing Suggestion value cannot be empty for property: customTypeParameterType

    • Oracle Stored Procedure: When custom type created in different schema, its not populating through Snap
    • Oracle Select- Order by property as parameter fails
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: Parameter type list- Can we make it in an order
    • Oracle Snaps- When in account given a username which dont have privileges to access other schema, upon suggest all schema 's are populating
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: NPE
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: invalid name pattern: TECTONIC.STR_ARRAY_32_$
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: Procedure name mismatch error - suggest from parameter type when no package selected
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: When in a schema if there are no types defined, showing null in type and index value
    • Oracle Merge: error: "SQL operation failed"
    • Oracle merge condition when expression is enabled, input schema in not getting populated
    • Oracle Merge with expression more than 2 columns not working.getting Invalid identifier
    • Oracle Merge: When expression enable- Fails with Failure: Could not evaluate expression:
    • Oracle Stored Procedure: Failure: Failed to execute callable statement. Cause: invalid name pattern: TECTONIC.null.